Simplified nutritional screening tools for patients on maintenance hemodialysis


I read the paper below, which describes that MIS is best criteria for assessment of nutrition status of hemodialysis patients. But the method is time-consuming and needs skill. The GNRI is most simple method using only serum albumin, height and body weight for assessment them.

Simplified nutritional screening tools for patients on maintenance hemodialysis

Kohsuke Yamada, Ryuichi Furuya, Takako Takita, Yukitaka Maruyama, Yuri Yamaguchi, Sakae Ohkawa and Hiromichi Kumagai

1 From the Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Food and Nutritional Sciences and the COE Program in the 21st Century, University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan (KY, YY, SO, and HK); the Renal Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Iwata City Hospital, Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan (RF); and the Maruyama Hospital, Hamamatsu, Japan (TT and YM)


Malnutrition is a prevalent complication in patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Nutritional screening tools may be useful to identify those patients at nutritional risk from among hundreds of hemodialysis patients in a large facility.


We tested several simplified nutritional screening tools on hemodialysis patients to validate the potential application of the tools.


The simplified nutritional screening tools were chosen from references published between 1985 and 2005. Nutritional assessments, including history taking, and anthropometric and biochemical measurements were performed on 422 hemodialysis patients. These results were applied to obtain the score of each nutritional screening tool and the malnutrition-inflammation score (MIS), a comprehensive nutritional assessment tool, as the reference standard. The usefulness of each nutritional screening tool for identifying nutritional risk was assessed by comparison with the MIS value and various individual nutritional measures.


Five reliable nutritional screening tools were found by the literature search. Among them, the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) was considered to be the most accurate in identifying hemodialysis patients at nutritional risk, because the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve generated with the MIS value was the largest. The GNRI showed a significantly negative correlation with the MIS (r = –0.67, P


The GNRI was the simplest and most accurate risk index for identifying hemodialysis patients at nutritional risk according to the MIS.

Key Words:

Geriatric nutritional risk index • hemodialysis • nutritional assessment • nutritional screening • malnutrition-inflammation score • nutritional risk


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